Sea trout are found in most rivers in Norway – under the condition, that they have a connection to the sea. Because from there, the sea trout migrates to the rivers to spawn and to provide for their offsprings. Of course, you can find sea trouts along the Norwegian coast and in the fjords – especially, but not only, near creek mouths or river mouths.

Informations about the sea trout


up to 100 cm

up to 14 kg

Latin: Salmo trutta trutta
Norwegian: Sjøørret, Sjøaure
French: La truite de mer
German: Meerforelle
Englisch: sea trout

Where to fish for sea trout

In Norway, most sea trout are caught in Spring, when the water temperature at the surface exceeds 4°C. It is the only time of year, when all mature fish are in salt water, which increases their occurence in fjords and the sea. Now, the fish are easy to find near small river mouths. And they prefer the upper water layers. Tn the fjords, there is almost always a layer with much less salty water on top of heavier sea water.
The sea trout moves almost exclusively in this area of less salty water. They signal their position easily through splashing or surface movements. If you keep your eyes and ears on the water, there is a good chance to find the locations of the fish.

It is to best to catch the sea trout near the shore at high tide. The best time for fishing in Spring is 2 hours before and after high tide peak.

All you have to do now, is to find a promising location. Also in Norway, sea trout prefer sandy coves. If such a place has a small freshwater inflow, that’s perfect. Even better is a small, stony or rocky tongue of land, behind which the tidal currents can form a vortex. Then food accumulates in the center of this vortex, and there you have to place the bait.

The most effective methods to catch sea trout

On the coast and in the fjords, sea trout are primarily caught throughg spin fishing and trolling. You can use normal trolling rods, heavy spinning rods & pirk rods for trolling.

In rivers, a popular and successful method besides spin fishing is fly fishing.

The most commonly used baits for sea trout fishing

Natural baits: flies, earthworms, spoon lures & plugs. Special spoon lures and plugs for catching sea trout, as well as plastic fish between 8-15 cm.

On the coast and in the fjords, sea trout are primarily caught through spin fishing and trolling. The latter is an especially popular method among Norwegian fishers. Between the boat and an otter board (Norw. otter), several flies are being hauled close to the surface near river branches. Or spoon lures or plugs are being used, which run at a distance of about 20 to 40 meters behind the boat, or that can be brought to the desired depth by downriggers and other diving aids.
In the rivers, fly fishing is a popular and successful method besides spin fishing. In many Norwegian sea trout waters, worm fishing is allowed. It is an often and successfully used method.

Keep in mind when fishing for sea trout

Please note, that you need a fishing license when fishing in freshwater and rivers.
The minimum size is 35 cm in general, in the two northernmost administrative areas of Troms and Finnmark it is only 30 cm. Do not take out fish under 40 cm - this is also common practice among most locals. Brown fish have to be put back again.

Fishing is for free in saltwater, but when fishing for sea trout in fresh water, you need a national license (Norw.: fiskeravgiftskort) and the permit of the fishing rights owner. However, a minimum distance of 100 m must be kept to the mouths of most spawning rivers.

Our recipe suggestion for you

Sea trout with a spicy crust on vegetables (4 persons)
For the sea trout:
8 sea trout fillets with skin
2 tbsp(s) hazelnut kernels
2 tbsp(s) cashew kernels
2 tbsp coriander
2 tbsp(s) cumin
2 tbsp(s) sesame seeds
2 tbsp black peppercorns
2 tbsp(s) paprika
2 tbsp(s) sea salt
2 tbsp crème fraîche
1 egg yolk
For the carrots and zucchini and the sauce:
2 large oranges
1 garlic clove
400 grams of zucchini
400 grams of carrots
250 grams of whipped cream
2 pinches of saffron threads
freshly ground pepper
2 tbsp(s) olive oil


Preheat the oven to 200°C, convection: 180°C, gas stove: cooking range 4

For the sea trout:
Rinse the fish fillets, pat dry and place in a casserolle. Chop nuts and kernels coarsely. Finely grind coriander, cumin, 1 tablespoon of sesame seeds and peppercorns in a mortar. Fry both nuts and spices in a pan without fat for 3 minutes. Mix the nut mixture, paprika, salt, crème fraîche and egg yolk. Spread the spice paste on the pieces of fish and press down lightly. Bake in the oven for about 15 minutes.

For the vegetables and the sauce:
Squeeze the juice from an orange. Peel the second orange, so that the thick white skin is completely removed. Cut the fillets out with a knife between the partitions. Peel the garlic. Clean zucchini and carrots, rinse and cut into thin spaghetti strips on a vegetable slicer.

Bring cream, orange juice and saffron to a boil, and let it boil over high heat for about 5 minutes. Season the sauce with salt and pepper. Heat oil in a pan. Fry garlic and carrot strips, add salt and pepper. Fold in zucchini strips, and simmer it covered for another 5 minutes.

Sprinkle sea trout fillets with the remaining sesame seeds, and serve on the carrots and courgettes. Spread orange segments around it and serve with the sauce. Optionally, garnish with a sprig of Italian parsley.


Sea trout, fishing, tips, fish species, Norway